These calculations are suitable for assessment of the strength of the flanges. Because they are used with wood, carriage bolts are rarely high strength and virtually always supplie. In this case there is a total torque that is the sum of each individual torque. Consult LGT Engineering for target stress. Find complete information about inch and metric heavy hex bolt dimensions, standard, material, size chart, torque chart, thread data and weight chart. The first and last part of Eq. The actual correction factor is (a/b) 1/4. 625 80 1-1/4 4 0. k values: waxed (e. Normal Operating (At 1,200 Initial Bolt Torque Reduced From 535 (Ft. 5 or ASME B 16. Axial bolt stress variation, at the end of each pass, individual bolt. Stainless Steel Bolt Torque Guide. The technique suffers from inaccuracy due to inconsistent or uncalibrated friction between the fastener and its mating hole. 75: 4-1/4: 4-1/4: 4: 0. 750 inch bolt diameter F = 920. So the equation is: Torque (lbs·ft) = Friction Coefficient (unitless) x Force (lbs) x Diameter of Bolt (ft) We can highlight the importance of each factor by reviewing a couple examples. Most accurate bolt torque calculator given its geometry and thread diameter, using vdi 2230 standard, Screw Clearance through the specific tool 3D model Bolt torque calculator metric (vdi 2230) Bolt torque calculator metric. The #1 Bolt torque app currently available. K=torque-friction coefficient, D= nominal bolt diameter, in. Deflection of the flange-Bolt Torque: Establishing the optimal bolt torque using flange calculation according D0701 and bolt relaxation according BS 4882: Optimal bolt torque-D0901: Bellows expansion joints: Maximum lifecycles and stresses-D1105: Horizontal cylinder on two saddle supports (Zick). A320 bolts can be specified in several different grades. ) Raised Face Ring Joint 1/2” - 150# 4 1/2 2-1/2. I believe this to be the Japanese standards. B7 STUD BOLT WITH GRADE 2H. Torque Data For Use with Alloy Steel Stud Bolts Load in Pounds on Stud Bolts When Torque Loads Are Applied Stress Nominal Diameter of Bolt Number of Threads Diameter at Root of Thread Area at Root of Thread (Inches) (Per Inch) (Inches) Sq. Torque calculations are based on the simplified formula explained in the current version of ASME PCC-1, Appendix K. The width across flats of a nut is typically 1. Bolt torque calculator metric (vdi 2230) Bolt torque calculator metric. These calculation tools are intended to be used for information and guidance only, they do not replace a detailed design calculation and compliance with all applicable Code requirements. Normal Operating (At 1,200 Initial Bolt Torque Reduced From 535 (Ft. The coefficient of torque is a calculation based on the condition of the fastener and can be affected by lubrication, plating, anti-seize compounds, etc. 1: UNC - UN Course thread, common for up to 1", where bolt diameter size increases with decreasing thread pitch. This problem sometimes causes a conflict when the flange torque calculation of the minimum required torque value to resist hydrostatic end force at the maximum design pressure of the flange is larger than the maximum. 63 38 114 19 115 17 84 27 89 34 102. Popularly used in all assemblies, a standard hex bolt is a staple across the world. In other words, if you double the diameter of the bolt, you need eight times the torque to induce the same stress. These calculations are suitable for assessment of the strength of the flanges. But neither the external threads of the bolt nor the internal threads of the nut are exactly. PIPING PRODUCTS. Size 1" and below shall have UNC threads. Additional grades of A320 bolts exist but are not used frequently enough to list …. In this case there is a total torque that is the sum of each individual torque. AllQDseries torque instruments are accurate to ±4% clockwise and ±6% counterclockwise from 20% of full scale to full scale sLong Life Ratchet Head. LANL Engineering Standards Manual PD342 Chapter 17 Pressure Safety Section D20-B31. A hex drive permits a greater torque load to be applied to the joint over most other drive types. The calculation as per ASME VIII div. It was created to work as a Calculation Report, so it have all the calculation steps with all the equations and values. Dry Torque) Partially Lubricated Bolts; Properly Lubricated Bolts; But before we talk about these items, or get to our torque chart, it is imperative you understand the working definition of K-Factor (or “Nut Factor”). CHRISTIES SOLVE YOUR PROBLEMS AND OFFER TORQUE SOLUTIONS CLASS FLANGES BOLT TORQUE LOADS No statement or data herein is warranted or guaranteed to be accurate CLASS 900 – FLANGE INFORMATION Bolt CLASS 1500 – FLANGE INFORMATION CLASS 2500 – FLANGE INFORMATION Nom. Calculate my bolt tension based on a percentage of bolt material yield stress (40% is my target), or 0. A torque wrench uses torque as a proxy for bolt tension. Several factors affect how much tension occurs when a given amount of tightening torque is applied. “The big problem with torque is that we have a lot of things going on,” Washington said. These heavy hex bolts are produced to dimensions classified under ASME B18. K = coefficient of friction, D = nominal diameter of bolt and F = axial load. 25,4mm, length between two flanges 150,00 mm, stud length 220 mm required elongation: 0,5 mmThere are several factors that affect the relationship between the applied bolt torque and the resulting bolt tension. Junction Block Tees — These are solid block union fittings to connect two tube/hose assemblies using 4-bolt flange connec-tion, at a junction, to SAE 4-bolt flange port, or three tube/hose assemblies to each other. 15 • Target torque calculation according to ASME PCC-1 Appendix J. QD series torque instruments feature the Snap-on®high strength sealed ratchet head. RECOMMENDED BOLT TORQUE VALUES NOTES: 1. 5) and for Insulating Gaskets ANSI 150 Flange Size No. A torque wrench uses torque as a proxy for bolt tension. Higher loads (than F W) will normally not damage the spring if the load cannot deflect it past the flat position (as in most bolting applications). The flanges are drilled to receive bolts which, if of the proper material, will develop the full flange strength and result in a satisfactory joint at the service intended. HEAVY HEX NUTS ASSEMBLED. 5 - Flanges and Bolt Dimensions Class 150 to 2500 - Diameters and bolt circles for standard ASME B16. This calculator will calculate torque given the lead screw parameters and the required force. 1—2010 APPENDIX J CALCULATION OF TARGET TORQUE The Target Torque required to tighten bolting is com- puted as follows: = coefficient of friction between bolt/nut threads, (dimensionless) T = Target Torque, N. Suggested Torque Values for Use with Teadit Spiral wound 913M (with inner & outer rings)/Standard ASME B16. e “flange bolt chart”) by flange diameter, pressure class and face finish (RF, FF, RTJ). But I can´t belive that an important standard, like this, omits this so common calculation. Bolt Thread Stripping. Assumptions Made in Calculations Lengths rounded to the nearest 1⁄4”for maximum thread engagement. 35 for commonly encountered conditions. 5 or ASME B 16. Valve Selection & Design Criteria – Pressure/Temperature ASME B16. Additional grades of A320 bolts exist but are not used frequently enough to list …. Consult LGT Engineering for bolt materials not listed. (Inches) Bolts Torque Ft. Padeye Design Cheek. Stainless Steel Bolt Torque Guide. ASTM A449 covers headed bolts ranging from 1/4 inch to 3 inches in diameter. of torque for greater precision when tightening screws or bolts. Using 24 this value, the required total bolt area is calculated to be 6. Evaluated the Bolt Stress For Above loading. Pb = axial load, l = pitch, μ = coefficient of friction and d = nominal diameter of bolt (or Major Diameter Max). Carriage Bolts. This area. Class 3A is used for high-strength bolts. Lubrication added to a dry bolt will typically reduce the torque value 15-25%. Proper Bolt Torque Zero S Inc. (2) Test pressure 40 psi water (TAPPI and MSS SP81). Calculation of the tightening torque of bolts in installation condition (ZIEH) Validation of the LV software according to ASME BPVC VIII-1 Edition 2019 availa. 5 flanges and flanged end fittings or ASME B16. ins A/F Ins. bolt Determine Torque vs. For ASME components, ASME III NB-3230 could be used. Bolt Hole Circle Calculator is a simple app to calculate coordinates of a bolt hole circle given the number of holes and X Y coordinates to begin $0. Pb = axial load, l = pitch, μ = coefficient of friction and d = nominal diameter of bolt (or Major Diameter Max). 1 of "ASME B31. CAUTION: Tapped holes at neck locations DO NOT permit thru holes. To quantify the importance of torque on a nut/bolt combination it must first be understood what operation. Stud Bolt Length No. Download Bolt Torque Calculation for Flange. Carriage bolts (round head with square neck) are commonly used in wood connections. These ASME SA307 sturdy fasteners are used to connect heavy materials. d - diameter of bolt (m, ft) F - axial bolt force or load (N, lb f). The closest fit. • Suggested torque values are based on best practices. ASME PCC-1 standard describes the torque to be used based on the size of the bolt. 75: 4-1/4: 4-1/4: 4: 0. 2 Heavy Hex. Nut thickness as per ASME B18. Additional grades of A320 bolts exist but are not used frequently enough to list …. 25 17 12 26 19 36 27 5/16" - 24 17 13 26 19 37 27 M 8 X 1 18 13 28. We are a unique and highly specialist Bolting Services and Sales company that focuses SOLELY ON BOLTING APPLICATION ISSUES. Proceedings of the ASME 2013 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference This problem sometimes causes a conflict when the flange torque calculation of the minimum required torque value to resist hydrostatic end force at the maximum design pressure of the flange is larger than the maximum allowable torque derived from flange or bolt strength. additional torque applied to the nut will only stretch the bolt. 12; Nut factor K = 0. Re: Bolt Size per Standard The standard I use for threads is ANSI. 5 • Maximum working pressure according to ASME B16. Achieving Proper Bolt Torque: An Introduction to K-Factor. 5d, the collar diameter is d c = (d + 1. HYTORC Flange Calculator HYTORC flange bolting calculator computes recommended torque values, bolting patterns, tool selection and pump pressure settings for standard ASME B16. Others include: 8UN - 8 pitch thread, common for bolt/nut larger than 1") UNF - UN Fine thread UNEF - UN Extra Fine thread UNS - UN Special. size Outside. Those parts that require matching with a mating item - screws or bolts with nuts or washers - have diameters that are denominated in actual inches or fractions thereof, followed by the number of threads per inch. The question then becomes how to relate the bolt torque to the bolt tensile stress. The accuracy of the tightening method, as well as the change in friction, needs to be accounted for in order not to over-tighten the fastener. EZ Calc - Bolting Calculator, Enerteq's oline tool for estimating Required Torque Values. In order to evaluate the load cases, the loads for flange, bolts, gasket and loose flange are determined. PCC-1-2013 assembles current industry best practice into one easily-referenced location. 3 -2014, Process Piping Code". 5 - Flanges and Bolt Dimensions Class 150 to 2500 - Diameters and bolt circles for standard ASME B16. Below is a list of the recommended tightening torques for 12. Finally apply the 100% bolt torque value to each bolt in a clockwise direction. 4401 Application: Pressure Vessel Hinge Lay-Out: Hinge Plate & Safety Bolt. If there are five threads gaps in a 1-inch length, the thread pitch is. Therefore, the maximum fo rce that can be applied to a Belleville mainly depends on the limitations of the bolt or joint designs. A second bolt dimension that must be considered is diameter. Finally apply the 100% bolt torque value to each bolt in a clockwise direction. TABLE #1 : Bolt Tightening Sequence 9 v. BOLT SPECIFICATIONS For Standard ANSI Flanges Flange Designation Bolt Qty. According to the "Piping and Pipeline Calculations Manual" by Phillip Ellenberger, the ASME developed standard PICC-1 to describe the appropriate way to assemble pipes flanges. 20" if using a lubricant with a different K factor. When most people "guess" what friction factor (K) to use in the "short" torque equation when they try to relate bolt load to torque, they run a gauntlet of myriad unknown variables that will affect the accuracy of the assumption. In general terms, thread stripping of both the internal and external threads must be avoided if a reliable design is to be achieved. With this equation, if you know K, F and D, you can multiply them to get the torque needed to tighten the bolt so that it has the right amount of tension. Using 24 this value, the required total bolt area is calculated to be 6. BoltUp is Hydratight's simple to use web based calculator, built upon the Informate calculation engine, providing reliable, repeatable bolt loads. Bolt torque calculator metric (vdi 2230) Bolt torque calculator metric. Nuts are brass with a minimum tensile strength of 55,000 psi. 5 Stud Bolt Flange Chart for the application is pulp & paper, chemical, Oil & Gas, or Power Generation, contact Lightning Bolt for all of your A-286 fastener needs. 5 6 13 10 18 14 M 6 X 1 7 5 11 8 15 11 5/16” - 18 15 11 24 17 33 25 M 8 X 1. ASME PCC-1 standard is called the Guidelines for Pressure Boundary Bolted Joint Assembly. Suggested Size Qty. Thanks and Definition of buttering from ASME Section IX, QW. 25-28 bolt The correct torque is 0. Your target assembly bolt stress should not exceed 70% of that value, or 385MPa. 5" 80000 for ASTM A193 Gr. Save Bolt Torque ASME B16 5 Flanges Spiral Wound Gaskets For Later. NPT Thread Calculator for NPT thread dimensions according to ANSI/ASME B1. bolting torque table 2a - cold service astm a320 grade l7 stud bolts. Because they are used with wood, carriage bolts are rarely high strength and virtually always supplie. Instructions Formula Send us your comment. When tightening a fastener with a torque wrench, which is one of the easiest and most common methods, the fastener is considered to be properly tightened once the specified torque is achieved. ASME: The American Society of Mechanical Engineers is an organization that develops dimensional standards for many fasteners including A193 heavy hex bolts. The first factor is the bolt's diameter. 6 11 8 16 12 8 436597. They address subsequent advances in gasket technology, bolting assembly procedures, and calculation methods that have enabled the improvement of both the integrity and efficiency of bolted-joint assembly. 25,4mm, length between two flanges 150,00 mm, stud length 220 mm required elongation: 0,5 mmThere are several factors that affect the relationship between the applied bolt torque and the resulting bolt tension. Torque Adjustable Click-Type • Certificate of Calibration. For example, a bolt and nut may be described as being ½” diameter. Fill, sign and download Bolt Torque Chart online on Handypdf. ASTM A307 Hex Bolts and ASTM A307 Hex Head Bolts is some of the toughest fasteners. [ANSI/ASME] ANSI/ASME B 18. tell me what is the torque value required for A325 property class 8. The relative rotation at contact surface can be simplified to the rotation angle of nodes 1 8 around node A (Figure 18 ). d - diameter of bolt (m, ft) F - axial bolt force or load (N, lb f). I actually bought a torque multiplier and the deep well socket to allow use of my 1/2" torque wrench with 3/4" adapters to fit the socket and torque multiplier. K values: waxed (e. 15 • Target torque calculation according to ASME PCC-1 Appendix J. 1/2 25 5 83 3/4 25 6 83 1 25 8 83 1 1/4 25 10 133 1 1/2 25 12 133 2 50 14 204 2 1/2 50 16 204 3 50 18 295 3 1/2 50 20 296 4 50 24 417 A WIDE. Recommended values are based on 30,000 psi bolt stress. For ASME components, ASME III NB-3230 could be used. The technique suffers from inaccuracy due to inconsistent or uncalibrated friction between the fastener and its mating hole. This article will review torque calculations as they apply to AWWA C207 flanges and will discuss the new AWWA web-based interactive tool for performing flange bolt torque calculations. Stainless Steel Bolt Torque Guide. Related Topics. Torque Tables For Spiral Wound Gaskets (ASME B16. Instructions Formula Send us your comment. 5 lb clamping load Torque = 0. 3) Assuming maximum internal pressure follows ASME B16. d = nominal bolt diameter (m, ft) F = axial bolt force (N, lb f) Typical values for K with mild-steel bolts in range. 5 Raised Face 4” 2500# flange where we want to know the desired torque needed to achieve a stress of 30,000psi on the gasket. 5 times the nominal bolt diameter, designers can use standard torque tables. K factor of 0. (8–5) and (8–6), we get Applying tanl = l/pd m, Assuming a washer face diameter of 1. Stress in flange, bolts and gasket. 1 of "ASME B31. 6 11 8 16 12 8 436597. The final result is that the oversized PD of the part will allow the NoGo gage to thread on (in) the part as long as the root is not shallower than this 25% offset of the major diameter on between the Go and NoGo gages. 4 Design of Bolts. Threads that do not freely accept the appropriate Go ring gauge shall be inspected by allowing the screwing of the gauge with maximum allowable torque value of: Torque = 145 x d3 (for inch series), where Torque is in-lbs. Using (a=b) provides a. ASME also sets the standards for flanges and bolt dimensions through the ANSI accredited ASME Standard B 16. 8 / Piece 50 Pieces (Min. screw estimated torque values 433 505 3369 393 bolt torque chart - portland bolt values calculated using industry accepted formula t = kdp where t = torque, k = torque coefficient (dimensionless), d = nominal diameter (inches), p = bolt clamp load, lb. (3) Proper screw sizes and tightening torque for any given application is a function of the various design parameters, such as heat, lubrication, etc. Suggested (Inches) Bolts Torque Ft. QD series torque instruments feature the Snap-on®high strength sealed ratchet head. K values: waxed (e. Thus the bolts and nuts have adequate strength with respect to the. TABLE #2 : Example Torque Calculations (HDPE to HDPE) 10 vi. A single bolt is set up with a run-out gage to determine bolt stretch, and the amount of torque required to achieve this value is experimentally calculated. TABLE 1 All Torque Requirements Are Dependant On Gasket Material Bolt Torque and Stud Speciﬁ cations - ASME #150 Flange Connections MOUNTING FLANGE BOLT TORQUE - Ft. Remended Bolt Torque Calculator Based On Uts And Vdi 2230. ASME PCC-1 describes bolt-up procedure using torque to gage bolt tension Snug up bolting Tighten to 20% of target torque using cross pattern Tighten to 50 to 70% of target torque using cross pattern Tighten to 100% of target torque using cross pattern Continue tightening to 100% target torque using rotational pattern until no movement. 6 11 8 16 12 8 436597. 1, and includes an unthreaded section of the shaft. If the gasket width is equal to one half of the flange width, the bolt spacing correction should be 1. 5 Raised Face 4” 2500# flange where we want to know the desired torque needed to achieve a stress of 30,000psi on the gasket. ASME/ANSI B16. Apply the torque and measure the DTI gaps to see if they are equal to or less than what you tested on the Skidmore, which will be a way to measure bolt tension. It is a function of the materials' frictional characteristics, which are based on surface finish, coatings and so on. With the ever-increasing industrialization, lack of interchangeability also became a problem. 25d, giving Shigley’s Mechanical Engineering Design. Focused on carbon steel weldneck ANSI 16. 6 and M 16 (course threads) are shown in table 4 of EN ISO 3506-1:1997. Apply the clamp manufacture's recommended bolt torque in 3 stages, setting the torque setting to 30%, 60% and 100% of the recommended torque at each stage. • Flange dimensions according to ASME B16. T = Torque acted on the fastener D_n = Nominal Diameter of the fastener F_AP = Axial Preload Force applied to the bolted joint K_T = Coefficient of Torque. A second bolt dimension that must be considered is diameter. 10, hot dip galvenized =. In the calculations, the uniform distribution nodes 1 8 are selected from the outside edge of bolt and node A is the intersection point between the contact surface and the axis of bolt. I am thinking that an extension this long will twist some, and that will reduce the amount of torque delivered to the load. The success of flanged joints depends on applying the correct amount of gasket load and achieving uniform load around the joint. Washers are not. 63 28 84 15 88 14 68 20 67 31 92 1 4 0. Tightening any one bolt will change the effective load of the nearby bolts. They are particularly useful in applications where the. Apply the torque and measure the DTI gaps to see if they are equal to or less than what you tested on the Skidmore, which will be a way to measure bolt tension. This includes the 350, 361, 383, 400, 413, 426 Wedge, 426 Hemi and 440, as well as stroker engines built from these blocks. Is an excel spreadsheet for calculating the required torque for a given bolt load or stress. Dimensions D1, D2, D3 and D4 are in mm. AllQDseries torque instruments are accurate to ±4% clockwise and ±6% counterclockwise from 20% of full scale to full scale sLong Life Ratchet Head. Carriage Bolts. Federal institute, promoting development and application of standardization in the manufacturing and service industries. 625” Slotted for 7/16” mounting bolt (4 places) 1. Size 1-1/8" and above shall have 8 threads per inch. TABLE #2 : Example Torque Calculations (HDPE to HDPE) 10 vi. 5 Flange Bolting Information 49 M Washer Usage Guidance and Purchase Specification for Through-Hardened. LOWER BOLT STRESS-REDUCED FUGITIVE EMISSIONS Flexitallic recommended minimum bolt torque figures for use with the “LSI” gasket on ASME/B16. Several factors affect how much tension occurs when a given amount of tightening torque is applied. com +1 713-931-1840 Home; Company;. i recommend you measure the gasket thickness and tork down the gasket to actual specs. Bolt Torque Calculation Asme. Other boundary conditions include the following: (1) the bolt head surface is constrained in all directions and (2) the outer surfaces of the clamped plates are constrained. Suggested Size Qty. In the first instance, calculate the tensile-stress area of a bolt from ASME B1. Made by JS Technology, p/n 43300. The greater the resistance to turning, the greater the torque or force required to turn the item. 4) Assuming ASME PCC-1 bolting pattern is followed. Gasket Internal Min. But neither the external threads of the bolt nor the internal threads of the nut are exactly. CHECKLIST : Bolt Torque Spec & Project Record 8 iv. • Suggested torque values are based on best practices. 73 FLANGE FLEXIBILITY MODEL -----BOLTED FLANGE CHARACTERISTICS: Initial Tightening Stress in the Bolt (Not the seating stress): 30000 lb. 5 Raised Face 4” 2500# flange where we want to know the desired torque needed to achieve a stress of 30,000psi on the gasket. I believe this to be the Japanese standards. • Lubricate, hand tighten, then SNUG up bolts • Round 1 - Tighten to 20% of final torque • Round 2 - Tighten to 40% of final torque • Round 3 - Tighten to 80% of final torque • Round 4 - Tighten to 100% of final torque Check gap around the circumference between each of these rounds, measured at every other bolt. CAUTION: Tapped holes at neck locations DO NOT permit thru holes. The first factor is the bolt's diameter. in diameter must have UNC series threads. 5 Pressure-Temperature rating tables. 5' classification marking? Reply: Yes. Measuring bolt tension (indirectly via bolt stretch) is actually what is desired, but often torque is the only practical measurement which can be made. The outputs also include the preload, torsion and tensile stress and von mises values. For critical applications, measure and calculate the K value on site. Posted on December 17, 2018 by Fattana. In fact, the bolt diameter is a little smaller and the nut diameter a little larger. 5 flanges - 1/4 to 24 inches - Class 150 to 2500 ; Bolt Stretching and Tensile Stress - Tensile stress and Hooke's Law; Bolt Torque Calculator - Calculate required bolt torque. H - Bolt Root and Tensile Stress Areas I - Interaction During Tightening J - Calculation of Target Torque K - Nut Factor Calculation of Target Torque L - ASME B16. of torque for greater precision when tightening screws or bolts. The force acting in the lubricated bolt can be calculated as. This effective width calculation removes any possible correlation between ASME flange calculation methods and flange manufacturers provided m and y values. T able 1 Bolt and torque w rench dat a. Torque Torque for Insulating (inch) (inches) (inches) (ft lb) (ft lb) (ft lb) (ft lb) ½ 4 ½ 2 ½ 47 16 60 40 ¾ 4 ½ 2 ½ 60 22 60 40. The first factor is the bolt's diameter. Bolt Thread Stripping. If the bolt is too big, it cannot enter the bolt hole. au Torque, by definition, is a force caused by turning. Elongation was used to find stress and strain. and 300 Lb. Using 24 this value, the required total bolt area is calculated to be 6. PIPING PRODUCTS. This clamp is designed to meet the exacting requirements of the ASME VIII pressure vessel design code division 1, as given in Appendix 24. Torque Per Bolt EQ #5 17 “K” nut-factor EQ #6 17 Table #4: Bolt Dia vs Torque vs Load vs Tensile Stress 18 General Considerations 18 Flange Adapter 18 Metal Lap-Joint Flange 19 Heavy Hex Nuts 19 Heavy Hex-Head Bolts and All-Thread Rod 20 Washers 20. 00 Material: 316 / 1. For instance, it has a torque range of 600-700 thus making it convenient. An arbitrary number that comes to my mind is to look for 10 FA's with consistent results. Dia of Bolts or Studs Length of Stud # Bolts or Studs Dia of Bolts or Studs Length of Stud; 1/4 RF: RTJ: 1/4 RF: RTJ: 1/4 RF: RTJ: 1/2: 4: 0. It is an experimentally derived constant that includes the impact of friction. Calculate Torque Calculate Force from Torque Calculate Distance from Torque. Torque lbf. Dry Torque) Partially Lubricated Bolts; Properly Lubricated Bolts; But before we talk about these items, or get to our torque chart, it is imperative you understand the working definition of K-Factor (or “Nut Factor”). Therefore, the maximum fo rce that can be applied to a Belleville mainly depends on the limitations of the bolt or joint designs. 4) Assuming ASME PCC-1 bolting pattern is followed. 5 flanges - 1/4 to 24 inches - Class 150 to 2500 ; Bolt Stretching and Tensile Stress - Tensile stress and Hooke's Law; Bolt Torque Calculator - Calculate required bolt torque. Most accurate bolt torque calculator given its geometry and thread diameter, using vdi 2230 standard, Screw Clearance through the specific tool 3D model Bolt torque calculator metric (vdi 2230) Bolt torque calculator metric. Calculations For ASME B16. In general terms, thread stripping of both the internal and external threads must be avoided if a reliable design is to be achieved. 750 inch x 920. All values are calculated assuming a 0. A320 bolts can be specified in several different grades. 3) Assuming maximum internal pressure follows ASME B16. 25,4mm, length between two flanges 150,00 mm, stud length 220 mm required elongation: 0,5 mmThere are several factors that affect the relationship between the applied bolt torque and the resulting bolt tension. Learn more about food nutrition with CalorieKing's comprehensive nutritional database. 7M - 1998: Metric hex head flange screws: 21 [EN] EN 1662 - 1998: Hexagon Bolts with Flange - Small Series Suppliers(2) 22 [NF] NF E 25-504 - 1998 (R2004) Hexagon Bolts With Flange - Small Series: 23 [DIN EN] DIN EN 1662 - 1998: Hexagon Bolts with Flange - Small Series: 24 [ASME] ASME B 18. Fasteners - Bolts, nuts and threaded rods - torque, tension and loads; Related Documents. CHRISTIES SOLVE YOUR PROBLEMS AND OFFER TORQUE SOLUTIONS CLASS FLANGES BOLT TORQUE LOADS No statement or data herein is warranted or guaranteed to be accurate CLASS 900 – FLANGE INFORMATION Bolt CLASS 1500 – FLANGE INFORMATION CLASS 2500 – FLANGE INFORMATION Nom. Assumptions Made in Calculations Lengths rounded to the nearest 1⁄4”for maximum thread engagement. Drive shaft diameter, flange bolt rating and the torsional rating of the spiral will be checked according to the following calculations. 5 to 2 feet) to reach the bolt or nut. Valve Seating Types Selection Guide. These calculations are suitable for assessment of the strength of the flanges. But it is easier to specify the. Stress in flange, bolts and gasket. NPT Thread Calculator for NPT thread dimensions according to ANSI/ASME B1. 5 and API 6A flanges under normal assembly conditions. 5' marking there is no requirement for or prohibition of either an alphabetical prefix or suffix. Values calculated using industry accepted formula T = KDP where T = torque, K = torque coefficient (dimensionless), D = nominal diameter (inches), P = bolt clamp load (lbs). 10 RF/BWE Face to Face Dimensions Ball/GGC/Plug. Bolt torque Specifications: Shown is the bolt tightening sequences for typical circular flanges. Clamp load is also known as preload or initial load in tension on bolt. ; and p=bolt clamping load developed by tightening, lb. 5 or ASME B 16. 5 standard flanges, using a limited range of bolt materials; selected gasket options and a fixed lubrication value - BoltUp introduces the power of. in diameter must have UNC series threads. 4401 Application: Pressure Vessel Hinge Lay-Out: Hinge Plate & Safety Bolt. In this case there is a total torque that is the sum of each individual torque. In the first instance, calculate the tensile-stress area of a bolt from ASME B1. Screws and bolts that mate with a nut, as well as the nuts themselves, are denominated as such. Provided differential thermal expansion does not create additional stresses, the maximum allowable average tensile stress could be considered as 2 x S m since internal pressure would not increase the bolt loading. BFJ#T8 - Extended Torque Calculation Spreadsheet. Use washers that meet ASTM F 436. 2M-1998 ASME B18. The purpose of this Target Torque Index is only for examples on how to calculate your k-factor. View our Test and torque guide for astm a193 grade b7 and b16 bolts (105,000 p. Save Bolt Torque ASME B16 5 Flanges Spiral Wound Gaskets For Later. Minimum Torque recommended per Bolt = (2,500 psi) y (4,844 psi) x (120 ft. Order) ss304 a270 stainless steel m16 bolt diameter Price: US $800-1000 / Ton 0. The Bolt Torque & Preload calculator can be used to calculate the torque required to achieve the desired preload on a bolted joint. In general, 20 MPa (2900 psi) average 8 gasket stress is targeted. 6 and M 16 (course threads) are shown in table 4 of EN ISO 3506-1:1997. Many of the common tightening methods achieve the preload force by applying a torque to the nut or to the bolt head. Multiply torque values by a factor of "K / 0. Bathtubs/Whirlpool Bathtubs with Pressure Sealed Doors -- A112. Thread Diameter. ASME: ASME B18. Total T = T {1} + T {2} + + T {n} In this equation, n is the total number of torques being applied to the object. Wafer Check Dimensions Comaprison ISO/EN/AS/BS/ASME. Once the torque is calculated an appropriate stepper can be selected. Use at your own risk!. They are also used to hang wrought iron pipe in mechanical installations. L7 standard bolting 95000 for ASTM A193 Gr. It will also allow calculation of the required bolt stress to obtain a given gasket stress for input gasket dimensions. tell me what is the torque value required for A325 property class 8. Posted on December 17, 2018 by Fattana. Below is a list of the recommended tightening torques for 12. 5 standard flanges, using a limited range of bolt materials; selected gasket options and a fixed lubrication value - BoltUp introduces the power of. A single bolt is set up with a run-out gage to determine bolt stretch, and the amount of torque required to achieve this value is experimentally calculated. Deflection of the flange-Bolt Torque: Establishing the optimal bolt torque using flange calculation according D0701 and bolt relaxation according BS 4882: Optimal bolt torque-D0901: Bellows expansion joints: Maximum lifecycles and stresses-D1105: Horizontal cylinder on two saddle supports (Zick). 5d, the collar diameter is d c = (d + 1. 20 for dry, unplated conditions and equal to. “M” maintenance factor = 0 “Y” minimum design seating stress = 7500 [psi]. Other boundary conditions include the following: (1) the bolt head surface is constrained in all directions and (2) the outer surfaces of the clamped plates are constrained. "A nut is to be tightened to a torque of 16N m. Thus the bolts and nuts have adequate strength with respect to the. Calculate ASME B31. The following calculation represents the full motor torque as measured at the output shaft of the gearbox. Flubricated = (2022 Nm) / (0. Torque Values Chart for Common Bolt Sizes in-tpi1 N · m2 ft-lb3 N · m ft-lb N · m ft-lb mm x pitch4 N · m ft-lb N · m ft-lb N · m ft-lb 1/4" - 20 7. • Flange dimensions according to ASME B16. They can be used for standard flange types such as Weld Necks or modified with other proprietary calculations to analyse special flanges such as Swivels and Anchors. Order) Stainless steel A270 bolt head marking Price: US $0. 001 x d3 (for metric series), where Torque is Nm and d is diameter in mm- IFI 566. Calculate Shipping ;. Stud Bolt Length No. Lubrication added to a dry bolt will typically reduce the torque value 15-25%. As per ASME B16. ASME VIII Division 1 / PD5500 Formulae Based Calculations Flange design calculations to ASME VIII Div 1 Appendix 2 are the first option for design analysis and verification. 5-2009, para. The term ‘bolting material’ covers bolts, studs and stud bolts. The ASME B16. T = torque in inch/pounds (Newton/meters) K = K Factor (see above) L = bolt load in pounds (Newtons) D = bolt diameter in inches (meters). d - diameter of bolt (m, ft) F - axial bolt force or load (N, lb f). Thus the bolts and nuts have adequate strength with respect to the. For example, a bolt and nut may be described as being ½” diameter. 5 or ASME B 16. 3-2014 ASME, CSA. The ASME PVP Bolted Joint Reliability Symposium (BJRS) promotes knowledge sharing, technological progress and international co-operation for advancing bolted Joints and sealing technology for the pressure vessel and piping industry. The diameter of the holes that are equally distributed around the bolt circle diameter Bolt circle diameter: the diameter of the circle on which the holes will be evenly distributed. Tightening torque applied by shear stress. 3, Appendix A provides listed boiling material specifications. It is an experimentally derived constant that includes the impact of friction. It takes more force to tighten a 3/4-10 bolt than to tighten a 318-16 bolt because it is larger in diameter. 4 Hilti, Inc. ASME and Industrial using torque control of preload method. Torque Torque for Insulating (inch) (inches) (inches) (ft lb) (ft lb) (ft lb) (ft lb) ½ 4 ½ 2 ½ 47 16 60 40 ¾ 4 ½ 2 ½ 60 22 60 40. Bolt Torque Calculation Asme. Dia of Bolts or Studs Length of Stud # Bolts or Studs Dia of Bolts or Studs Length of Stud; 1/4 RF: RTJ: 1/4 RF: RTJ: 1/4 RF: RTJ: 1/2: 4: 0. Other boundary conditions include the following: (1) the bolt head surface is constrained in all directions and (2) the outer surfaces of the clamped plates are constrained. 1 (covering head dimensions for headed anchor bolts) and ASME B1. Generally 70 % bolt yield is targeted. 09 / Piece 1 Piece (Min. 2M-1998 ASME B18. 5 Class 150: 20 bar (290 psi) Class 300: 52 bar (750 psi) • Friction factor µ = 0. The collet slides up the drive cone, spreading the collet sections out and against the inside of the flange’s bolt hole. LANL Engineering Standards Manual PD342 Chapter 17 Pressure Safety Section D20-B31. 8 zinc plated finish bolts. K - constant. These ASME SA307 sturdy fasteners are used to connect heavy materials. Achieving Proper Bolt Torque: An Introduction to K-Factor. This problem sometimes causes a conflict when the flange torque calculation of the minimum required torque value to resist hydrostatic end force at the maximum design pressure of the flange is larger than the maximum. Suggested Torque Values for Use with Teadit Spiral wound 913M (with inner & outer rings)/Standard ASME B16. In general, 20 MPa (2900 psi) average 8 gasket stress is targeted. Remended Bolt Torque Calculator Based On Uts And Vdi 2230. 25, and plain non-plated bolts (as. Once the torque is calculated an appropriate stepper can be selected. 33, U is the coefficient of friction, D is the diameter of the fasteners, and P is the necessary preload. ANSI/ASME based flanges, EN 1092-1 contains only the PN based flanges. NPT Thread Calculator for NPT thread dimensions according to ANSI/ASME B1. Step 2 Find the diameter of your fastener. Calculation of Bolt Torque for Flanged Joint Assembly. 5 or ASME B 16. Use at your own risk!. Does anybody knwo how calculate the required cross-sectional area of the bolts with internal pressure, according to the ASME code? I mean in wich section, appendix, whatever. 5 ensuring all gasket and flange fittings are consistent and fit for purpose allowing a high quality seal. The term ‘bolting material’ covers bolts, studs and stud bolts. A hex drive permits a greater torque load to be applied to the joint over most other drive types. 75% to 80% thread roughly equals 5/8 th of this maximum height. According to the "Piping and Pipeline Calculations Manual" by Phillip Ellenberger, the ASME developed standard PICC-1 to describe the appropriate way to assemble pipes flanges. BFJ#T1 - Torque Calculation Spreadsheet. So for all your customized bolting solutions and technical assistance with regards to tensioning & torque calculations using specially designed Tensioners + Sub-sea tensioners, Hydraulic Nuts, Torque Wrenches, Flange alignment and Bolt Shield Caps for any bolting. AllQDseries torque instruments are accurate to ±4% clockwise and ±6% counterclockwise from 20% of full scale to full scale sLong Life Ratchet Head. bolting torque table 2a - cold service astm a320 grade l7 stud bolts. 5 times the diameter of the screw, and in cast iron or brass, 1. Popularly used in all assemblies, a standard hex bolt is a staple across the world. 25, and plain non-plated bolts (as. 94 shipping. While ASME B16. Proper Bolt Torque Zero S Inc. 5 Class 150: 20 bar (290 psi) Class 300: 52 bar (750 psi) • Friction factor µ = 0. PCC-1-2013 assembles current industry best practice into one easily-referenced location. Generic astronomy calculator to calculate times for sunrise, sunset, moonrise, moonset for many cities, with daylight saving time and time zones taken in account. CHECKLIST : Bolt Torque Spec & Project Record 8 iv. , not listed in Table A-2) are subject to the requirements of para. Features • • Sold•in•Individual•Sets•or•Box•Quantities. Dimensions and weights for ASME B16. 1-1989 Appendix B using In this equation, D pb = D b - (2 3 3⁄8H), where D b = basic bolt diameter. Bolt Yeild Strength 105000 for ASTM A193 Gr. 15 • Target torque calculation according to ASME PCC-1 Appendix J. Dimensional requirements are provided in Tables for U-Bolts of differing bends, Eyebolts, Hook Bolts of differing bends, and J-Bolts. 33, U is the coefficient of friction, D is the diameter of the fasteners, and P is the necessary preload. β = The thread profile angle. Minimum Torque recommended per Bolt = (2,500 psi) y (4,844 psi) x (120 ft. The calculator below can be used to calculate the torque required to achieve a given axial bolt force or load. 3, Appendix A provides listed boiling material specifications. It will also allow calculation of the required bolt stress to obtain a given gasket stress for input gasket dimensions. Nut thickness as per ASME B18. This setup accommodates all the variables of this exact bolted system and determines appropriate torque. The coefficient of torque is a calculation based on the condition of the fastener and can be affected by lubrication, plating, anti-seize compounds, etc. 1 appendix 2 and the EN 13445-3 Clause 11 are using this calculation method. Bolt Hole Circle Calculator is a simple app to calculate coordinates of a bolt hole circle given the number of holes and X Y coordinates to begin $0. e “flange bolt chart”) by flange diameter, pressure class and face finish (RF, FF, RTJ). A193 Grade B7 is the most commonly used Bolt specification coupled with ASTM A194 Grade 2H Nuts for Bolting Carbon Steel pipeline. Calculation of Bolt Torque for Flanged Joint Assembly. As gasket load requirements for standard flanges generally fall within the mid-range of the bolt loads, gasket stress has not been used to calculate torque values. This effective width calculation removes any possible correlation between ASME flange calculation methods and flange manufacturers provided m and y values. au Torque, by definition, is a force caused by turning. This shows torque values in Nm for properties classes 50, 70 and 80 as shown in the table below. 5-2013, B16. If there are five threads gaps in a 1-inch length, the thread pitch is. Like class 1A, class 2A bolts have an allowance. Actual certification readings and individual instrument serial number are included. With the ever-increasing industrialization, lack of interchangeability also became a problem. Let’s take an ASME B16. 8% CW, 10% CCW from 5-9% F. The below chart refers to usage in steel. # 4 Neither 15,000 psi compressive stress on the gasket (crush point) or 60,000 psi bolt stress (60% of bolt yield for a A193 B7 bolt) should be exceeded. As gasket load requirements for standard flanges generally fall within the mid-range of the bolt loads, gasket stress has not been used to calculate torque values. Bathtubs/Whirlpool Bathtubs with Pressure Sealed Doors -- A112. FLANGES WITH RAISED FACES -. 5) + 1 = (12 * 1. The long bolts are torqued to 40 foot-pounds and the short bolts to 28 foot-pounds. 73 FLANGE FLEXIBILITY MODEL -----BOLTED FLANGE CHARACTERISTICS: Initial Tightening Stress in the Bolt (Not the seating stress): 30000 lb. The question then becomes how to relate the bolt torque to the bolt tensile stress. 5 Class 150# Flanges Nominal Raised Face Raised Face Gasket Number Size of Bolt Torque Comp Force Max. But it is easier to specify the. TABLE #1 : Bolt Tightening Sequence 9 v. 5 and API 6A flanges under normal assembly conditions. Contact us to find out more information about our sweep loss calculation of industrial flanges. There are now better tools online to make these calculations. 5, one can use either square head machine bolts or studs for making a joint. Bolt Thread Stripping. The correct standard to use is based on the specific contract or on local laws. Various K Factors. i recommend you measure the gasket thickness and tork down the gasket to actual specs. Allowable bolt stress is calculated from tables A-10. It cost me about $175 for the tools. (Inches) Bolts Torque Ft. K = coefficient of friction, D = nominal diameter of bolt and F = axial load. Recommended Torque Values ANSI 150# Flanges ANSI 300# Flanges ANSI 400# Flanges Size Qty. 062" thick Compressed Sheet1 & GYLON® Ring Gaskets - ANSI B16. Where:T = Torque (ft lb) D = Nominal Diameter (in) P = Clamp Load (lb) R = Tightening Coefficient The value of R is assumed to be equal to. In the first instance, calculate the tensile-stress area of a bolt from ASME B1. ASME and Industrial using torque control of preload method. it would be 2 x 32. bolting torque table 4 - use only with 6061-t6 aluminium flanges. No allowance. “M” maintenance factor = 0 “Y” minimum design seating stress = 7500 [psi]. Finally apply the 100% bolt torque value to each bolt in a clockwise direction. Additionally, the bolts and flanges must be robust enough to prevent warpage, distortion or separa-tion during service. ) TORQUE FT. 5 Class 150# Flanges Nominal Raised Face Raised Face Gasket Number Size of Bolt Torque Comp Force Max. 5 Extreme Bolt & Fastener can match the material of your flanges with easy bolting kits. Most bolt torque charts, including this one, are based on the material strength of the bolt - the component containing the external thread. Call us at (281) 441-4088 to connect with one of our sales representatives. As per ASME B16. A copy of ASME B18. 47; ASME B1. Lubrication added to a dry bolt will typically reduce the torque value 15-25%. 5 Flange Bolting Information 49 M Washer Usage Guidance and Purchase Specification for Through-Hardened. Save Bolt Torque ASME B16 5 Flanges Spiral Wound Gaskets For Later. 3 (per para. This shows torque values in Nm for properties classes 50, 70 and 80 as shown in the table below. Bolt Thread Stripping. 64 ASME Model Seating (Stress) 0. (Inches) Bolts Torque Ft. On the basis of elastic mechanics and thick cylinder theory, this pa. There are a multitude of designs and endless combinations that can be made to work well. 10 RF/BWE Face to Face Dimensions Ball/GGC/Plug. It will also allow calculation of the required bolt stress to obtain a given gasket stress for input gasket dimensions. Each kit contains fasteners, nuts, washers and lock washers of the same material as your flange. Order) Stainless steel A270 bolt head marking Price: US $0. Let [σ t] = permissible tensile stress of bolts d c = core diameter of bolts n = number of bolts. L7 standard bolting 95000 for ASTM A193 Gr. 3) Assuming maximum internal pressure follows ASME B16. Clamp load is also known as preload or initial load in tension on bolt. When a bolt is being tightened, two threads are mated together, which leads to the tightness of the bolt. Lead Screw Torque and Force Calculator. ) TORQUE FT. 1-1989 Appendix B using In this equation, D pb = D b - (2 3 3⁄8H), where D b = basic bolt diameter. 7 shows the bolt reactions due to the rotational forces. L7M Modified bolting up to 4" Bolt Yield Strength : psi: Bolt Percent Yield 50% specified by API 6A. The below chart refers to usage in steel. 4* Sy*Bolt Root Area. 73 FLANGE FLEXIBILITY MODEL -----BOLTED FLANGE CHARACTERISTICS: Initial Tightening Stress in the Bolt (Not the seating stress): 30000 lb. A hex drive permits a greater torque load to be applied to the joint over most other drive types. Bolt torque calculator metric (vdi 2230) Bolt torque calculator metric. Axial bolt stress variation, at the end of each pass, individual bolt. 19 times less the value obtained for a=b or a/b=1. A Certificate of Calibration is packed with every QD Series Torque Instrument. “The big problem with torque is that we have a lot of things going on,” Washington said. ASTM A449 covers headed bolts ranging from 1/4 inch to 3 inches in diameter. See the reference section for details on the methodology and the equations used. When a bolt is being tightened, two threads are mated together, which leads to the tightness of the bolt. In the same interview, Washington argues that while torque can do well on most jobs, people need to understand everything that can stand in the way of getting the proper bolt load from applied torque. These charts show suggested maximum torque values for threaded products and are intended only as a guide. Call us at (281) 441-4088 to connect with one of our sales representatives. 5 Class 150: 20 bar (290 psi) Class 300: 52 bar (750 psi) • Friction factor µ = 0. Hexagon head bolts DIN 931(half thread) steel iso 4017 hex bolt Price: US $0. it would be 2 x 32. To quantify the importance of torque on a nut/bolt combination it must first be understood what operation. 10, hot dip galvanized =. This is the limiting condition, as the flange plate dimension a will always equal or be larger than the the gasket width. The long bolts are torqued to 40 foot-pounds and the short bolts to 28 foot-pounds. This App calculates required pipe wall thickness for project specific design conditions, in accordance with section 304. The maximum tightening torque for a slightly lubricated 1" Grade 5 coarse bolt is 483 lb f ft. 73 FLANGE FLEXIBILITY MODEL -----BOLTED FLANGE CHARACTERISTICS: Initial Tightening Stress in the Bolt (Not the seating stress): 30000 lb. Flange thickness as per ASME B16. If the bolt distance is still greater, the calculated flange moment in the norm calculation must be increased by a factor of C Mb: (33) C Mb = √(Sb/S bmax) ≥ 1. This fastener bolt torque calculator will Estimate the unknown torque, diameter, axial force applied and coefficient of turning friction for the given conditions. PCC-1-2013 assembles current industry best practice into one easily-referenced location. 4 APPLICATION API Spec 6A, "6B" flanges, may use "R" or "RX" gaskets, "RX" gaskets producing greater standoff between flanges. Boltport manufacturers ASME Standard fasteners in full range of material grades and specifications. Below is a list of the recommended tightening torques for 12. 1 appendix 2 and the EN 13445-3 Clause 11 are using this calculation method. Stud Bolt Length No. Apply the clamp manufacture's recommended bolt torque in 3 stages, setting the torque setting to 30%, 60% and 100% of the recommended torque at each stage. Dimensions D1, D2, D3 and D4 are in mm. It weighs about 25 lbs and is quite long in comparison to most wrenches in the market hence giving it an advantage as it can easily torque heavier bolts. Cylinder head deck material removal = (current chamber volume - desired chamber volume) X deck material per cc. RECOMMENDED BOLT TORQUE VALUES NOTES: 1. 4) Assuming ASME PCC-1 bolting pattern is followed. ) The nut factor is not the coefficient of friction. Also, H = tan 60° (P. bolting torque table 2 - astm 193 grade b7 and astm 193 grade b16 stud bolts. Always replace shear bolts with identical property class. says that assuming a nut factor (torque coefficient) of 0. 5 or ASME B 16. PIPING PRODUCTS. 33, U is the coefficient of friction, D is the diameter of the fasteners, and P is the necessary preload. On the basis of elastic mechanics and thick cylinder theory, this pa. It is a function of the materials' frictional characteristics, which are based on surface finish, coatings and so on. 16 This Table is applicable to Never-Seize paste and Fel-Pro lubricant, K=0. Below are the standard measurements for flanges and their relevant bolts and holes size - a very useful tool for any onsite machinist. Thus, your results for coated bolts are 250N*m or 235N*m. 081 square inches 25 when bolts are stressed to 30 ksi in accordance with MSM-M-48. Inch Torque Ft/Lbs Load Lbs Torque Ft/Lbs Load Lbs Torque Ft/Lbs Load Lbs 1/4 5/16 3/8 7/16 1/2 20 18 16 14 13. 3 Process Piping Guide Rev. β = The thread profile angle. It was created to work as a Calculation Report, so it have all the calculation steps with all the equations and values. Valve Seating Types Selection Guide. 9That figure is about right for a low tensile bolt. You are buying a used 1/2" Drive Torque Wrench. For ASTM A193 B7 at a service temperature of 200 deg. ASTM A490 Bolt Torque Chart The ASTM A490 is a specification for the bolts set by the ASTM International, a voluntary standards development organizations that sets technical standards for materials.

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